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高效合成射流激励器研究进展及展望

陆逸然 王晋军

陆逸然, 王晋军. 高效合成射流激励器研究进展及展望. 力学进展, 2024, 54(1): 61-85 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-23-038
引用本文: 陆逸然, 王晋军. 高效合成射流激励器研究进展及展望. 力学进展, 2024, 54(1): 61-85 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-23-038
Lu Y R, Wang J J. Review and prospect on the efficient synthetic jet. Advances in Mechanics, 2024, 54(1): 61-85 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-23-038
Citation: Lu Y R, Wang J J. Review and prospect on the efficient synthetic jet. Advances in Mechanics, 2024, 54(1): 61-85 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-23-038

高效合成射流激励器研究进展及展望

doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-23-038
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金创新研究群体资助项目 (11721202) .
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王晋军, 1963年出生, 北京航空航天大学航空科学与工程学院教授, 教育部流体力学重点实验室主任. 主要从事飞行器复杂流场机理、流动控制等方面的研究, 在《Journal of Fluid Mechanics》《Physics of Fluids》《Science China Technological Sciences》等期刊发表论文300余篇. 是国家杰出青年科学基金获得者、教育部“长江学者”特聘教授、国家自然科学基金创新研究群体学术带头人

    通讯作者:

    jjwang@buaa.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O358

Review and prospect on the efficient synthetic jet

More Information
  • 摘要: 合成射流作为一种具有优越控制效果的主动流动控制技术, 在提升飞行器气动性能、减振降噪、强化元器件散热等领域具有重要的学术意义和应用价值. 经过30余年的研究, 人们建立了更准确的合成射流数学模型, 合成射流具有高卷吸能力的物理机理也得到不断深化. 进一步优化合成射流激励器, 提高控制效率成为了研究的重点. 本文主要从激励器结构型式、激励器结构参数以及激励信号三个方面, 总结了近年来在提高合成射流控制效果方面取得的研究进展, 并对未来的研究重点进行了展望.

     

  • 图  1  合成射流产生原理示意图 (根据Wang et al. 2010绘制)

    图  2  标准正弦激励信号示意图

    图  3  相同雷诺数合成射流与连续射流比较(a)射流半宽度$ b $沿流向分布; (b) 体积通量$ Q $沿流向分布 (Smith & Swift 2001). 其中, $ h $为合成射流出口宽度、$ {Q}_{0} $为出口体积通量

    图  4  实验与LEM得到的合成射流出口峰值速度随激励频率的变化. 蓝色三角、蓝色实线分别代表实验与LEM预测结果 (Gallas et al. 2003), 红色实线为Sharma (2007) LEM预测结果 (Chiatto et al. 2017)

    图  5  “脱落”过程中主涡环与其后射流剪切层分离示意图 (Lawson & Dawson 2013)

    图  6  不同出口直径$ d $工况下合成射流动量$ K $随冲程比$ L/d $变化规律 (a) x轴为对数坐标; (b) x轴为均匀坐标 (Xia & Mohseni 2015). 其中, $ {K}_{s} $为根据slug模型计算得到的动量通量

    图  7  连续射流CJ和合成射流SJ卷吸系数沿流向分布 (Xu et al. 2023)

    图  8  合成射流相位平均$ {\lambda }_{{\mathrm{ci}}} $云图 (Xu et al. 2023)

    图  9  Luo等 (2006) 提出的合成双射流DSJ激励器示意图

    图  10  双孔合成射流激励器示意图 (Palumbo & De luca 2021)

    图  11  单腔多出口合成射流激励器示意图 (Chaudhari et al. 2011)

    图  12  合成射流激励器结构型式对比图(a)合成双射流激励器 (He et al. 2019), (b) 双孔合成射流激励器 (Chiatto et al. 2018)

    图  13  合成射流激励器孔口边缘构型 (a)平直边缘, (b)圆弧边缘, (c) 尖峰边缘 (Lee & Goldstein 2002)

    图  14  不同孔口产生的合成射流涡环在流向$ x/{D}_{e}=1, 2, 4 $位置处演变过程(a)圆形孔口, (b) ~ (f)$ AR=1-5 $矩形孔口 (Wang et al. 2018). 其中, $ {D}_{e} $为孔口等效直径

    图  15  矩形出口合成射流涡环诱导流向涡结构$ {\lambda }_{{\mathrm{ci}}} $等值面图 (Wang et al. 2023)

    图  16  不同材料压电膜片合成射流激励器能量转换效率(a)PZT-5A压电膜片合成射流激励器, (b) PMN-PT压电膜片合成射流激励器 (Gungordu et al. 2023)

    图  17  激励信号幅值调制原理示意图 (根据Azzawi et al. 2021绘制)

    图  18  变吹吸比激励信号示意图. 红色实线为标准正弦信号, 绿色实线为提高吹吸比后的激励信号 (Zhang & Wang 2007)

    图  19  不同吹吸比合成射流涡对位置(a) ~ (b)$ k=2 $, (c) ~ (d)$ k=1 $, (e) ~ (f)$ k=0.5 $. (Zhang & Wang 2007)

    图  20  双频激励信号示意图. 蓝色虚线为标准正弦信号, 红色实线为叠加高频信号后的激励信号 (Lu et al. 2022b)

    图  21  双频信号中叠加的高频信号的幅值比对于 (a) 合成射流涡对运动轨迹, (b) 合成射流动量通量沿流向分布的影响 (Lu et al. 2022b)

    图  22  (a) 相同特征速度下三角信号、正弦信号、梯形信号与方波信号波形, (b) 相同特征速度下三角信号、双频信号与变吹吸比信号波形示意图 (Lu et al. 2023)

    图  23  (a) 不同波形激励信号产生合成射流相位平均涡量云图, (b) 典型激励信号产生合成射流动量通量沿流向分布, (c) 双频与变吹吸比激励信号产生合成射流动量通量沿流向分布 (Lu & Wang 2023)

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-09-28
  • 录用日期:  2024-01-02
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-01-09
  • 刊出日期:  2024-03-24

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