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高超高焓非平衡流动数值模拟方法研究综述

高振勋 蒋崇文 李椿萱

高振勋, 蒋崇文, 李椿萱. 高超高焓非平衡流动数值模拟方法研究综述. 力学进展, 2023, 53(3): 561-591 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-22-051
引用本文: 高振勋, 蒋崇文, 李椿萱. 高超高焓非平衡流动数值模拟方法研究综述. 力学进展, 2023, 53(3): 561-591 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-22-051
Gao Z X, Jiang C W, Li C X. Review of numerical simulation methods for hypersonic and high-enthalpy non-equilibrium flow. Advances in Mechanics, 2023, 53(3): 561-591 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-22-051
Citation: Gao Z X, Jiang C W, Li C X. Review of numerical simulation methods for hypersonic and high-enthalpy non-equilibrium flow. Advances in Mechanics, 2023, 53(3): 561-591 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-22-051

高超高焓非平衡流动数值模拟方法研究综述

doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-22-051
详细信息
    作者简介:

    高振勋, 北京航空航天大学航空科学与工程学院, 国家级高层次青年人才, 教授, 博士生导师. 长期从事高超声速空气动力学、计算流体力学方面的研究, 以第一作者/通讯作者发表SCI论文42篇, 包括Physics of Fluids, AIAA Journal, Combustion and Flame, Journal of Sound and Vibration等相关领域国际权威期刊. 主持国家自然基金项目、国家数值风洞重点项目等20余项纵向项目. 担任国家CFD2035愿景编写组的多相/多物理场方向负责人, 第八届中国空气动力学会高超声速专业委员会委员, 第九届中国航空学会气动专业委员会委员. 作为第一完成人2020年获第六届中国力学学会科技进步二等奖, 作为第二完成人获2022年中国航空学会技术发明一等奖

    通讯作者:

    gaozhenxun@buaa.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O3

Review of numerical simulation methods for hypersonic and high-enthalpy non-equilibrium flow

More Information
  • 摘要: 高性能计算流体力学 (computational fluid dynamic, CFD) 模拟可以与高超飞行试验、高焓地面设备实验研究相互印证, 在热化学非平衡效应研究以及未来高超声速飞行器研制中将发挥更重要的作用. 本文回顾了国内外在热化学非平衡流动CFD研究方面的进展, 概述了相关热化学模型、数值格式研究以及CFD软件研制方面的现状和发展趋势, 最后指出了今后在基础研究、软件开发、模拟应用等方面需要关注的问题. (1) 在热化学模型方面, 常用温度模型并不完全精确, 多振动温度模型具有发展潜力但工程应用受限, 态−态模型更精确但模拟技术尚不成熟, 更为精确的热力学输运模型、有限速率化学反应模型、振动−离解耦合模型以及表面效应模型等是提升热化学非平衡模拟精度的重要物理模型, 值得深入研究; (2) 在数值方法方面, 多物理场耦合模拟是高超热化学非平衡流动CFD研究的热点和趋势, 对CFD方法的鲁棒性和收敛性提出了更高的要求, 值得重点关注和研究, 此外常用数值格式需要针对热化学非平衡流动特征进行适应性改造, RANS方法在热化学非平衡湍流模拟中的计算可靠性仍有待验证; (3) 在数值软件方面, 基于结构/非结构混合网格的数值求解器更加符合工业应用需求, 未来高超数值软件需要具备稳定、鲁棒的多学科、多物理场耦合求解功能, 且能够适应更大网格规模大尺度复杂外形的模拟需求; (4) 可综合应用多种加速技术手段提升热化学非平衡流动数值模拟的计算效率, 计算刚性是热化学非平衡流动数值模拟方法研究的共性基础问题, 刚性消除方法仍需进一步研究和发展.

     

  • 图  1  不同高度和速度条件下驻点区空气热化学状态以及典型化学反应对应的温度范围(Anderson 2006, Gupta et al. 1990)

    图  2  不同温度模型对EXPERT热化学非平衡绕流的影响(王源杰 2016)

    图  3  采用不同化学反应模型计算的电子数密度(王源杰 2016)

    图  4  不同化学反应模型对高焓双锥流动壁面参数的影响比较(Chaudhry et al. 2020)

    图  5  热力学温度模型的数组拓展与简化示意图(李鹏 等 2021a)

    图  6  不同空间精度格式对压缩拐角热化学非平衡流场的模拟结果比较(葛明明 2015)

    图  7  不同时间推进格式对高超流动模拟的加速效果比较(唐志共, 张益荣 等 2015; 蒋浩 等 2022)

    图  8  GPU与CPU加速器运算能力的进展(党冠麟 等 2020)

    图  9  多级气体模型自适应模拟方法及其加速效果(陈坚强 2022)

    图  10  多级气体模型在热化学非平衡绕流中的模拟效果(李鹏 等 2021c)

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-12-20
  • 录用日期:  2023-04-27
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-04-28
  • 刊出日期:  2023-09-30

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