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声学/弹性相位梯度超表面设计: 原理、功能基元、可调和编码

陈阿丽 汪越胜 王艳锋 周红涛 袁思敏

陈阿丽, 汪越胜, 王艳锋, 周红涛, 袁思敏. 声学/弹性相位梯度超表面设计: 原理、功能基元、可调和编码. 力学进展, 待出版 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-22-031
引用本文: 陈阿丽, 汪越胜, 王艳锋, 周红涛, 袁思敏. 声学/弹性相位梯度超表面设计: 原理、功能基元、可调和编码. 力学进展, 待出版 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-22-031
Chen A L, Wang Y S, Wang Y F, Zhou H T, Yuan S M. Design of acoustic/elastic phase gradient metasurfaces: Principles, functional elements, tunability, and coding. Advances in Mechanics, in press doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-22-031
Citation: Chen A L, Wang Y S, Wang Y F, Zhou H T, Yuan S M. Design of acoustic/elastic phase gradient metasurfaces: Principles, functional elements, tunability, and coding. Advances in Mechanics, in press doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-22-031

声学/弹性相位梯度超表面设计: 原理、功能基元、可调和编码

doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-22-031
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (11972246, 11872101, 12021002, 11991031, 12122207和12072223) 资助项目.
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈阿丽, 1981年7月出生,北京交通大学力学系教授,博士生导师。主要研究领域为弹性波动力学与控制,长期从事声子晶体、纳米层状有序结构及超表面的研究。发表国内外期刊学术论文30余篇,曾获中国力学学会全国徐芝纶力学优秀教师奖

    汪越胜,1965年4月出生,北京交通大学力学系教授,天津大学力学系讲席教授,博士生导师;长江学者特聘教授,国家杰出青年科学基金获得者,国家自然科学基金委创新研究群体负责人。主要研究领域为弹性波动力学与控制、功能材料力学等,发表国内外期刊学术论文300余篇,授权国家发明专利10余项。曾获北京市教学名师、先进工作者和优秀教师等称号,入选新世纪百千万人才工程国家级人选

    通讯作者:

    alchen@bjtu.edu.cn

    yswang@tju.edu.cn, yswang@tju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O422

Design of acoustic/elastic phase gradient metasurfaces: Principles, functional elements, tunability, and coding

More Information
  • 摘要: 声学/弹性超表面是一类亚波长厚度的二维超材料, 具有很强的声波/弹性波操控能力, 在声学成像、通信、隐身、伪装、振动/噪声控制、能量收集、无损检测等领域具有潜在的应用. 本文主要综述了声学/弹性相位梯度超表面的最新发展, 包括设计原理、功能基元设计、波场操控及其应用、可调超表面设计, 以及新兴的数字编码超表面. 最后, 展望了该领域未来的研究方向.

     

  • 图  1  功能基元 (或单胞) 构成的可实现波前调控的相位梯度超表面: (a)反射型, (b)透射型

    图  2  超表面惠更斯−菲涅耳原理示意图

    图  3  平直超表面的广义斯涅尔定律: (a)二维情况, (b)三维情况

    图  4  曲面超表面的广义斯涅尔定律: (a)三维情况, (b)二维情况

    图  5  超表面设计流程

    图  6  单胞计算模型 (透射)

    图  7  (a)透射型空间卷曲基元(Li等2012), (b)通过改变声通道长度实现波前调控(Zhao等2018)

    图  8  透射型空间卷曲基元: (a)环形锯齿结构(Li等2015b), (b)锥形空间卷曲结构(Xie Y B等2014), (c)空腔共振增强的锯齿结构(Molerón等2014), (d)具有阻抗匹配层的锯齿结构(Jia Z T等2018), (e)类三明治锯齿结构(Zuo等2018a), (f)带螺旋通道的螺旋结构(Zhu X F等2016), (g)由锯齿狭缝组成的超表面(Tang等2015), (h)V形刚性薄板形成的超表面基元(Lan等2017a)

    图  9  反射型空间卷曲基元: (a)具有锯齿形通道的结构 (Li Y et al. 2013a), (b)锥形迷宫结构 (Wang W Q等2016), (c)类直井基元构成的梳状超表面 (Zhu et al. 2015a)

    图  10  透射型共振基元: (a)由连接至直通道的亥姆霍兹共振腔串联组成的结构(Li等2015a), (b)用以实现三维准直自加速声束的具有径向相位梯度的轴对称结构(Li & Assouar 2015), (c)用以生成涡旋波的具有周向相位梯度的圆柱形结构 (Jiang等2016a), (d)亥姆霍兹共振腔串联结构(Han等2018), (e)哑铃形共振基元(Dong等2020), (f)薄膜型基元(Zhai等2015), (g)薄膜型混合基元(Lan et al. 2018)

    图  11  反射型共振基元: (a)亥姆霍兹共振基元(Ding等2015), (b)管状共振器(Zhu和Assouar2019a), (c)无梯度设计 (左图) 和有梯度设计 (右图) 的亥姆霍兹共振腔串联基元(Li X S等2019), (d)具有刚性背箱的薄膜型基元(Zhai et al. 2016), (e)带有附加质量的薄膜型基元(Chen等2017a), (f)双层板状基元((Ma F Y et al. 2018)

    图  12  类亥姆霍兹共振基元构建的可实现水声转向的反射超表面(Zhou等2021a), (a)超表面和类亥姆霍兹共振基元, (b)单个基元的相位调控, (c)组装的基元阵列的相位调控(水域由内部声场硬边界隔离以消除声干扰), (d)基于广义斯涅尔定律的超表面所调控的反射场(局部设计), (e)基于格栅衍射理论的超表面所调控的反射场 (非局部设计)

    图  13  水声功能基元: (a)板状基元(Chen Z等2020), (b)多质量共振基元(Zou H Z等2020), (c)多层共振基元(Li P等2020)

    图  14  五膜材料水声超表面: (a)附加重量处于六边形顶点的五模材料单元(Tian等2015), (b)附加重量处于蜂窝壁中点的五模材料单元(Chen和Hu 2019), (c)调控反射波的五模材料超表面(Zhang X D等2020), (d)产生涡旋声波的五模材料超表面(Sun等2021)

    图  15  弹性波透射型基元: (a)板状基元(Su等2016), (b)复合板状基元(Zeng L H等2019), (c)锯齿形基元(Liu等2017), (d)具有刚度和质量调节子结构的组合共振基元(Lee等2018), (e)具有水平和竖直谐振器的共振基元 (Lee等2020), (f)嵌入共振体的共振基元(Zhu H F等2018), (g)周期立柱阵列基元(Cao等2018c), (h)随机分布立柱阵列基元 (Cao等2020b), (i)仅由一排立柱构成的超表面(Wang等2021a)

    图  16  弹性波反射型基元: (a)条状基元及超表面(Kim等2020), (b)板边缘粘贴不同厚度条带构成的条状基元(Ruan等2020)

    图  17  非局部基元: (a)空气通道连接的基元及由局部和非局部超表面调控的反射场对比(Quan和Alú 2019b), (b)具有非局部基元的弹性超表面(Zhu H F et al. 2020), (c)有修饰的周期排列散射体构建的非局部超表面(Schwan等2018), (d)有修饰的圆柱体构建的非局部超表面(Quan等2018), (e)球形亥姆霍兹共振腔构建的非局部超表面(Esfahlani等2021)

    图  18  双各向异性基元: (a)直通道上连接不同亥姆霍兹共振腔的基元及其非对称性(Li J F et al. 2018), (b)具有解耦波参数的基元及透射和反射波的独立调控(Koo et al. 2016)

    图  19  拓扑优化基元: (a)具有不对称几何结构的空气声拓扑优化基元(Dong et al. 2022a), (b)同时调控弹性L波和T波的拓扑优化基元(Rong和Ye 2020)

    图  20  组合基元: (a)由空间卷曲结构和直通道组合而成的基元(Tian等2017), (b)相位和幅值的解耦调制(Tian等2017), (c)双通道组合基元(Zhu等2021a)

    图  21  异常折射/反射: (a)回射(Shen C等2018), (b)行波转表面波(Zhai等2015), (c)波束分裂(Li J F等2020), (d)P波和SV波模式分离(Rong和Ye 2020), (e)P波转SV波(Lee等2020), (f)入射面以外的反射波调制(Li X S et al. 2019), (g)弧状超表面实现地毯隐身(Zhou等2021b), (h)从曲面到平面的地表幻象(Li X S等2020), (i)超薄Schroeder扩散器实现扩散散射(Zhu et al. 2017)

    图  22  波束聚焦和自弯曲: (a)Bessel 波束(Lan et al. 2017b), (b)三维非轴对称点聚焦(Li X S等2020), (c)利用超表面实现能量收集(Qi和Assouar 2017), (d)自弯曲波束的自愈合特性(Zhu X F et al. 2016), (e)具有任意轨迹的二维瓶装波束(Chen et al. 2018d), (f)三维瓶状波束形成的能量空洞(Li X S等2021)

    图  23  涡旋波: (a)由扭曲螺旋面组成的超表面产生m = 1的涡旋波(Esfahlani et al. 2017), (b)由非局部超表面产生的不同拓扑阶数的涡旋波(Hou等2021), (c)具有非对称零压力中心的涡旋波(Jiang等2020c)

    图  24  非对称传输的实现: (a)含多个超表面的声通道(Zhu等2015b), (b)一个超表面和一个超材料构成的组合体系(Shen等2016), (c)两个相位梯度超表面(Cao等2018a), (d)单个有损透射超表面(Li等2017), (e)单个有损反射超表面(Song等2019), (f)考虑整数奇偶性的单个无损超表面(Fu等2019b)

    图  25  基于超表面全息图实现的声全息: (a)不同频率折射波的多平面成像, (b)反射波声全息

    图  26  机械可重构基元设计: (a)移动滑块(Chen Z等2019), (b)填充水改变腔体尺寸(Tian等2019), (c)填充水改变反射通道的深度(Song等2019c)

    图  27  利用旋转操作实现机械可重构基元和超表面: (a)扇形可调环状混合共振基元(Wang X L等2020), (b)带有两个C形空腔的嵌套结构(转Zhai et al. 2018), (c)带有可调钩槽的基元(Zhou H T等2020), (d)离刚性壁一定距离具有Willis耦合效应的C形超原子(Chiang等2020)

    图  28  基于螺丝与螺母工作原理的机械可重构基元或超表面: (a)透射型基元(Zhao等2018), (b)反射型基元(Fan S W等2019), (c)产生声涡旋的超表面 (Fan等2020a), (d)具有可调吸收器可实现相位和幅值准解耦调制的基元(Fan等2020c), (e)弹性波基元(Yuan等2020a)

    图  29  整个超表面的方位调节: (a)旋转整个超表面(Li等2017), (b)改变两个平行超表面之间的距离(Xia等2018)

    图  30  通过施加偏场实现的可调基元和超表面: (a)数字电路控制的压电薄膜基元(Popa等2015), (b)由两侧带压电传感器的铅层覆盖的空气腔构成的薄膜型基元(Li S L等2021), (c)由压电片和环氧树脂基体所组成的基元构建的主动超表面(Shen等2019), (d)由五个基本单胞组合而成的基元, 其中每个基本单胞通过在基板上粘贴一个连接负电容分流电路的压电换能器构成(Li S L等2018), (e)由电压控制的磁性可调基元和超表面(Chen et al. 2017b)

    图  31  数字编码超表面: (a)平面1比特编码超表面的远场调控示意图, (b)编码位0和1组成的超表面实现波束分裂功能(Xie等2017b), (c)以正向或反向排列用作逻辑位0或1的非对称基元(Zuo等2019b), (d)用于Talbot自成像的无相位调控 (0型) 和有相位调控 (1-3型) 的编码声学超表面(Gao等2020), (e)由亥姆霍兹共振基元构建的产生涡旋波的反射型3比特编码超表面(Zhang Y等2019), (f)可调1比特编码超表面(Zuo等2019a), (g)机电可编程声学数字编码超表面(Fakheri等2021)

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-06-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-12

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