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井下管柱力学与控制方法若干研究进展

高德利 黄文君

高德利, 黄文君. 井下管柱力学与控制方法若干研究进展. 力学进展, 2021, 51(3): 620-647 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-21-028
引用本文: 高德利, 黄文君. 井下管柱力学与控制方法若干研究进展. 力学进展, 2021, 51(3): 620-647 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-21-028
Gao D L, Huang W J. Some research advances in downhole tubular mechanics and control methods. Advances in Mechanics, 2021, 51(3): 620-647 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-21-028
Citation: Gao D L, Huang W J. Some research advances in downhole tubular mechanics and control methods. Advances in Mechanics, 2021, 51(3): 620-647 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-21-028

井下管柱力学与控制方法若干研究进展——

doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-21-028
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (51821092, U1762214, 51904317) 资助项目.
详细信息
    作者简介:

    高德利, 男, 1958年生于山东禹城, 油气工程专家. 1982年获华东石油学院学士学位, 1984年获西南石油学院硕士学位, 1990年获中国石油大学博士学位. 1992年作为博士后被清华大学晋升为固体力学副教授, 2001年被教育部评选为“长江学者奖励计划”特聘教授, 2013年当选为中国科学院院士. 现任中国石油大学(北京)石油与天然气工程国家重点学科负责人、石油工程教育部重点实验室主任、校学术委员会主任等职. 他长期从事油气工程领域的教学与科研工作, 在井下管柱力学与控制工程、定向钻井、井筒完整性、深水钻井及工程作业极限等方面取得了重要研究成果, 发表期刊论文560多篇(SCI收录160余篇), 出版学术专著6部; 授权发明专利70余件, 登记软件著作权20多项; 获国家技术发明奖二等奖1项和国家科学技术进步奖二等奖3项, 北京市科学技术奖一等奖2项等. 以他为学术带头人的科研团队, 首批入选教育部创新团队计划, 后又入选国家自然科学基金创新研究群体计划并获两次延续资助(共计9年)

    通讯作者:

    gaodeli_team@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TE21

Some research advances in downhole tubular mechanics and control methods

More Information
  • 摘要: 关于井下管柱力学的研究迄今已有七十多年的历程, 取得了许多重要的研究成果, 并主要在油气井工程中获应用实效. 然而, 由于井眼约束和作业工况的复杂性, 目前仍未能够全面而准确地揭示井下管柱在狭长井眼内的复杂力学行为, 导致相关工程设计控制方法难以解决好实际遇到的许多复杂问题. 本文回顾了井下管柱力学的整体发展脉络, 重点讨论井下管柱的静力学变形控制方程, 然后针对井下管柱力学中的几个重要科学问题, 包括井下管柱屈曲、井下管柱摩阻磨损、井下管柱安全作业极限和底部钻具组合力学特性及其相应的设计控制方法等, 分别简要介绍了相关研究进展、最新研究成果及存在的一些问题等, 并在一定程度上进行了总结与展望, 以期为井下管柱力学与控制方法的创新发展并促进油气井工程技术进步提供有益参考.

     

  • 图  1  钻柱在井眼内变形和运动示意图(Huang et al. 2015a)

    图  2  受井眼约束管柱屈曲示意图. (a) 垂直井眼中管柱屈曲, (b) 水平井眼中管柱屈曲(Huang & Gao 2016)

    图  3  加载过程中轴向力与轴向位移的假设关系(Gao & Huang 2015)

    图  4  受井眼约束管柱的屈曲−接触相图(Huang & Gao et al. 2018a)

    图  5  井下管柱局部−整体耦合力学模型. (a) 整体管柱和局部管柱的关系, (b) 局部−整体耦合力学模型计算框图(Huang & Gao 2020)

    图  6  不同的套管磨损模式. (a) 单月牙磨损模式, (b) 三种复合磨损模式

    图  7  钻井延伸极限统计与计算结果. (a) 全球钻井数据统计, (b) 钻井延伸极限预测结果

    图  8  钻井延伸极限理论体系

    图  9  不同井眼尺寸和作业工况下的安全系数

    图  10  稳定器在井眼内空间位置示意图. (a) 稳定器与井壁接触, (b) 稳定器与井壁无接触

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-17
  • 录用日期:  2021-07-05
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