留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

多主元合金中的化学短程有序

卜叶强 王宏涛

卜叶强, 王宏涛. 多主元合金中的化学短程有序. 力学进展, 2021, 51(3): 1-5 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-21-027
引用本文: 卜叶强, 王宏涛. 多主元合金中的化学短程有序. 力学进展, 2021, 51(3): 1-5 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-21-027
Bu Y Q, Wang H T. Short-range order in multicomponent alloys. Advances in Mechanics, 2021, 51(3): 1-5 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-21-027
Citation: Bu Y Q, Wang H T. Short-range order in multicomponent alloys. Advances in Mechanics, 2021, 51(3): 1-5 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-21-027

多主元合金中的化学短程有序——

doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-21-027
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王宏涛, 浙江大学求是特聘教授, 浙江大学交叉力学中心执行主任, 杰出青年基金获得者, 曾获第十五届中国力学学会青年科技奖. 一直致力于将国家重大需求与基础研究结合, 在纳观及原子尺度探究材料微观结构与宏观性能的力学关联, 创新发展微纳米力学原位实验方法、技术以及计算模拟方法

    通讯作者:

    htw@zju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O34

Short-range order in multicomponent alloys

More Information
  • 摘要: 大量的研究表明多主元合金中广泛地存在对其性能提升有重要影响的化学短程序. 利用先进的透射电子显微成像技术可以在原子分辨率水平分析多主元合金中化学短程序的尺度、成分和构型.

     

  • 图  1  (a)沿着$\langle 112 \rangle $晶带轴方向三元VCoNi合金的纳米束电子衍射图, 黄色圆圈圈出的为CSRO引起的额外的弥散衍射点. (b)使用额外的弥散衍射点拍摄的能量过滤暗场像. (c) CSRO尺寸分布的统计. (d)用高角环形暗场像表征CSRO. (e)原子级分辨率的能谱展示富V面−富Co/Ni面−富V面的三明治CSRO结构. (f)上半部为基于空间分布关联系数分析得到的各元素之间的近邻倾向, 其中该系数为正表示避免近邻, 为负表示倾向近邻; 下半部为基于蒙特卡洛模拟得出的系统能量在规避V−V近邻、倾向V−Co/Ni近邻构型时能量下降.

  • [1] Bu Y, Wu Y, Lei Z, et al. 2021. Local chemical fluctuation mediated ductility in body-centered-cubic high-entropy alloys. Mater. Today, 46: 28-34. doi: 10.1016/j.mattod.2021.02.022
    [2] Cantor B, Chang I, Knight P, et al. 2004. Microstructural development in equiatomic multicomponent alloys. Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 375: 213-218.
    [3] Chen B, Li S, Zong H, et al. 2020. Unusual activated processes controlling dislocation motion in body-centered-cubic high-entropy alloys. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 117: 16199-16206. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1919136117
    [4] Chen X, Wang Q, Cheng Z, et al. 2021. Direct observation of chemical short-range order in a medium-entropy alloy. Nature, 592: 712-716. doi: 10.1038/s41586-021-03428-z
    [5] Ding Q, Zhang Y, Chen X, et al. 2019. Tuning element distribution, structure and properties by composition in high-entropy alloys. Nature, 574: 223-227. doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1617-1
    [6] Fernández-Caballero A, Wróbel J, Mummery P, et al. 2017. Short-range order in high entropy alloys: Theoretical formulation and application to Mo-Nb-Ta-VW system. Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion, 38: 391-403.
    [7] Gerold V, Karnthaler H. 1989. On the origin of planar slip in fcc alloys. Acta Metall., 37: 2177-2183. doi: 10.1016/0001-6160(89)90143-0
    [8] Gludovatz B, Hohenwarter A, Catoor D, et al. 2014. A fracture-resistant high-entropy alloy for cryogenic applications. Science, 345: 1153-1158. doi: 10.1126/science.1254581
    [9] Lei Z, Liu X, Wu Y, et al. 2018. Enhanced strength and ductility in a high-entropy alloy via ordered oxygen complexes. Nature, 563: 546. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0685-y
    [10] Li Z, Pradeep KG, Deng Y, et al. 2016. Metastable high-entropy dual-phase alloys overcome the strength–ductility trade-off. Nature, 534: 227-230. doi: 10.1038/nature17981
    [11] Liu S, Wei Y. 2017. The Gaussian distribution of lattice size and atomic level heterogeneity in high entropy alloys. Extreme Mech. Lett., 11: 84-88. doi: 10.1016/j.eml.2016.10.007
    [12] Ma E. 2020. Unusual dislocation behavior in high-entropy alloys. Scr. Mater., 181: 127-133. doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2020.02.021
    [13] Singh P, Smirnov AV, Johnson DD. 2015. Atomic short-range order and incipient long-range order in high-entropy alloys. Phys. Rev. B, 91: 224204. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.91.224204
    [14] Ye Y, Wang Q, Lu J, et al. 2016. High-entropy alloy: challenges and prospects. Mater. Today, 19: 349-362. doi: 10.1016/j.mattod.2015.11.026
    [15] Yeh JW, Chen SK, Lin SJ, et al. 2004. Nanostructured high‐entropy alloys with multiple principal elements: novel alloy design concepts and outcomes. Adv. Eng. Mater., 6: 299-303. doi: 10.1002/adem.200300567
    [16] Zhang R, Zhao S, Ding J, et al. 2020. Short-range order and its impact on the CrCoNi medium-entropy alloy. Nature, 581: 283-287. doi: 10.1038/s41586-020-2275-z
  • 加载中
图(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  139
  • HTML全文浏览量:  51
  • PDF下载量:  32
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-16

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回