留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

高速飞行器红外罩热力失效机制

鄂羽佳 王天宇 高鸽 耿方娟 艾俊强 韩杰才 朱嘉琦

鄂羽佳, 王天宇, 高鸽, 耿方娟, 艾俊强, 韩杰才, 朱嘉琦. 高速飞行器红外罩热力失效机制[J]. 力学进展, 2018, 48(1): 1803. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-16-047
引用本文: 鄂羽佳, 王天宇, 高鸽, 耿方娟, 艾俊强, 韩杰才, 朱嘉琦. 高速飞行器红外罩热力失效机制[J]. 力学进展, 2018, 48(1): 1803. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-16-047
E Yujia, WANG Tianyu, GAO Ge, GENG Fangjuan, AI Junqiang, HAN Jiecai, ZHU Jiaqi. Aerothermal dynamic failure of infrared window in high-speed aircraft[J]. Advances in Mechanics, 2018, 48(1): 1803. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-16-047
Citation: E Yujia, WANG Tianyu, GAO Ge, GENG Fangjuan, AI Junqiang, HAN Jiecai, ZHU Jiaqi. Aerothermal dynamic failure of infrared window in high-speed aircraft[J]. Advances in Mechanics, 2018, 48(1): 1803. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-16-047

高速飞行器红外罩热力失效机制

doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-16-047
基金项目: 国家杰出青年基金项目(51625201), 国家自然科学基金面上项目(51372053)和国家自然科学基金创新群体科学基金项目(11421091)资助.
详细信息
    作者简介:

    null

    作者简介:
    朱嘉琦, 哈尔滨工业大学航天学院教授、博导, 长江学者特聘教授, 国家杰出青年基金获得者, 万人计划领军人才.主要从事极端环境红外罩失效机制及其抗失效方法研究, 担任中国硅酸盐学会薄膜与涂层分会副理事长、中国仪表材料学会常务理事、中国机械工程学会表面工程分会常务委员, 获得中国青年科技奖、省青年五四奖章等荣誉, 获国家技术发明奖二等奖1项, 黑龙江省技术发明一等奖和二等奖各1项.发表SCI论文131篇, 授权发明专利50余项.
    韩杰才, 中国科学院院士, 哈尔滨工业大学航天学院教授、博导, 国家自然科学基金委创新研究群体负责人, 特种环境复合材料技术国防科技重点实验室主任, 国家某重大科技工程专家, 国家863计划某主题专家组副组长.主要从事飞行器结构与热防护系统、梯度复合材料、超高温热防护材料、光电晶体与薄膜以及材料燃烧合成技术等研究, 曾获国家自然科学奖二等奖、国家技术发明奖二等奖等.获国家发明专利授权61项, 出版学术专著2本, 在国际期刊发表文章350余篇.

    通讯作者:

    韩杰才

    朱嘉琦

  • 中图分类号: V241;

Aerothermal dynamic failure of infrared window in high-speed aircraft

More Information
    Author Bio:

    E-mail:zhujq@hit.edu.cn
    ɛ E-mail:hanjc@hit.edu.cn

    Corresponding author: HAN Jiecai; ZHU Jiaqi
  • 摘要: 红外罩材料包括红外罩增透保护膜和基底材料, 是高速导弹结构--功能一体化的关键部件, 应用极为广泛. 但是, 红外罩材料通常工作于恶劣的外界环境下, 处于复杂的热力混合作用状态, 可能导致窗口失效, 因此对红外罩材料热力响应和失效的研究具有重要的科学研究价值和工程实际意义.本文针对高速飞行器环境下红外罩材料的气动热力失效机制, 从典型材料的特性及制备、气动热力响应机理及分析、红外罩材料的结构性和功能性失效等方面总结相关学者的研究成果, 并对今后的发展趋势进行展望.

     

  • [1] 陈澄, 费锦东. 2005. 侧窗头罩高速层流流场光学传输效应数值模拟. 红外与激光工程, 34: 548-552

    (Cheng C, Fei J D.2005. Numerical simulation on the optical transmission distortions throughout the laminar flow field. Infrared & Laser Engineering,34, 548-552).
    [2] 陈连忠, 张嘉祥, 费锦东. 2009. 气动加热对红外成像的影响试验研究. 激光与红外, 39: 36-38

    (Chen L Z, Zhang J X, Fei J D.2009. Experiment research on the aerodynamic heating effect on the infrared imaging. Laser & Infrared,39: 36-38).
    [3] 陈作锦. 2012. 红外透过材料的可控制备及其性能研究. [博士论文]. 北京: 北京化工大学

    (Chen Z J.2012. Controllable preparation and performance of infrared transmittance materials. [PhD Thesis]. Beijing: Beijing University of Chemical Technology).
    [4] 范志刚, 刘建军, 肖昊苏, 张旺, 关春颖, 苑立波. 2011. 蓝宝石单晶的生长技术及应用研究进展. 硅酸盐学报, 39: 880-891

    (Fan Z G, Liu J J, Xiao H S, Zhang W, Guan C Y, Yuan L B.2011. Research progress on growth technique and application of sapphire single crystal. Kuei Suan Jen Hsueh Pao/Journal of the Chinese Ceramic Society,39: 880-891).
    [5] 范志刚, 于翠萍, 肖昊苏, 张旺. 2012. 气动光学头罩热辐射效应数值仿真研究. 应用光学, 33: 649-653

    (Fan Z G, Yu C P, Xiao H S, Zhang W.2012. Numerical simulation of thermal radiation effect about optical dome in aerodynamic thermal environment. Journal of Applied Optics,33: 649-653).
    [6] 范志刚, 张亚萍, 裴扬威, 张郡, 何艳磊. 2007. 气动热环境下高速飞行器光学窗口光传输数值仿真研究. 红外与毫米波学报, 26: 396-400

    (Fan Z G, Zhang Y P, Pei Y W, Zhang J, He Y L.2007. Numerical simulation of optical transmission through high speed aircraft optical window in aero-dynamic thermal environment. Journal of Infrared & Millimeter Waves,26: 396-400).
    [7] 冯丽萍. 2006. 蓝宝石衬底上中波红外增透保护膜系的设计、制备及性能. [博士论文]. 兰州: 西北工业大学

    (Feng L P.2006. Design, preparation and properties of middle-wave infrared antireflective and protective films on sapphire substrates. [PhD Thesis]. Lanzhou: Northwestern Polytechnical University).
    [8] 耿湘人, 桂业伟, 王安龄. 2006. 微型凸起物高超声速气动热特性研究. 空气动力学学报, 24: 265-268

    (Geng X R, Gui Y W, Wang A L.2006. Study on aerothermo dynamic performance of mini-protuberance submerged in hypersonic flows. Acta Aerodynamica Sinica,24: 265-268).
    [9] 龚辉, 李成富. 1996. 连续CO2激光对红外窗口材料损伤研究. 光学学报, 16: 332-335

    (Gong H, Li C F.1996. Cw CO2 laser induced damage to infrared window materials. Acta Optica Sinica,16: 332-335).
    [10] 韩杰才, 左洪波, 孟松鹤, 张明福, 姚泰, 李长青, 许承海, 汪桂根. 2005. 泡生法制备大尺寸蓝宝石单晶体. 人工晶体学报, 34: 197

    (Han J C, Zuo H B, Meng S H, Zhang M F, Yao T, Li C Q, Xu C H, Wang G G.2005. Preparation of large size sapphire single crystal by kyropoulos method. Journal of Synthetic Crystals,34: 197).
    [11] 韩潇, 朱嘉琦, 韩杰才, 孟松鹤, 吕适强. 2006. 红外窗口与整流罩的雨蚀研究进展. 摩擦学学报, 26: 498-504

    (Xiao H, Zhu J Q, Han J C, Meng S H, Lü S Q.2006. Progress of rain erosion for ir windows and domes. Mocaxue Xuebao/Tribology,26: 498-504).
    [12] 贺旭照, 乐嘉陵, 宋文艳. 2010. 超声速化学反应流动的LU-SGS伪时间迭代空间推进求解. 航空动力学报, 25: 1043-1048

    (He X Z, Le J L, Song W Y.2010. Lu-sgs pseudo-time iteration space marching method for solving supersonic chemical reaction flow. Journal of Aerospace Power,25: 1043-1048).
    [13] 贺旭照, 赵慧勇, 乐嘉陵. 2008. 吸气式高超声速飞行器气动力气动热的数值模拟方法及应用. 计算物理, 25: 555-560

    (He X Z, Zhao H, Le L J.2008. Aerodynamic force and heat of hypersonic laminar and turbulent flows. Chinese Journal of Computational Physics,25: 555-560).
    [14] 胡克艳, 徐军, 唐慧丽, 李红军, 邹宇琦, 杨秋红. 2013. 温梯法生长掺碳强韧化蓝宝石单晶的研究. 无机材料学报, 28: 307-311

    (Hu K Y, Xu J, Tang H L, Li H J, Zou Y Q, Yang Q H.2013. Study on methods to strenthen and toughen sapphire crystal by carbon doped grown by temperature gradient technique (TGT). Journal of Inorganic Materials, 28:307-311).
    [15] 黄春生, 吴杰, 范绪箕. 2004. 飞行器流场与结构温度场耦合数值分析. 力学与实践, 26: 24-26

    (Huang C S, Wu J, Fan C Q.2004. Coupled numerical simulation of supersonic flow field and heated structure of flying vehicles. Mechanics & Engineering,26: 24-26).
    [16] 黄存兵. 2005. 非化学配比的MgO•n Al2O3尖晶石透明陶瓷材料的制备及其物性研究. [博士论文]. 成都: 四川大学

    (Huang C B.2005. A study on preparation and properties of MgO•n Al2O3 transparent ceramics of different stoichiometries. [PhD Thesis]. Chengdu: Sichuan University).
    [17] 黄唐, 毛国良, 姜贵庆, 周伟江. 2000. 二维流场、热、结构一体化数值模拟. 空气动力学学报, 18: 115-119

    (Huang T, Mao G L, Jiang G Q, Zhou W J.2000. Two dimensional coupled flow-thermal-structural numerical simulation. Acta Aerodynamica Sinica,18: 115-119).
    [18] 巨志高, 刘正堂, 李阳平. 2005. CVD金刚石的高温氧化及其保护. 材料导报, 19: 64-66

    (Ju Z G, Liu Z T, Li Y P.2005. High temperature oxidation and protection of cvd diamond. Materials Review,19: 64-66).
    [19] 雷雨冰, 梁德旺, 黄国平. 2004. 超声速流中激波/湍流附面层干扰数值模拟. 南京航空航天大学学报, 36: 1-5

    (Lei Y B, Liang D W, Huang G P.2004. Numerical study of shock wave/turbulent boundary layer intera ction in supersonic flows. Nanjing Hangkong Hangtian Daxue Xuebao/Journal of Nanjing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics,36: 1-5).
    [20] 李国栋. 2006. C/C抗烧蚀TaC、TaC/SiC涂层的制备及其抗烧蚀机理. [博士论文]. 长沙: 中南大学

    (Li G D.2006. Preparation of C/C Ablation TaC, TaC/SiC Coating and Its Anti-ablation Mechanism. [PhD Thesis]. Changsha: Central South University).
    [21] 李玉斌. 2003. 红外光学材料ZnS多晶热压工艺与性能的研究. [博士论文]. 武汉: 武汉理工大学

    (Li Y B.2003. Study on hot-press technology and properties of poly-crystalline ZnS as infrared optieal materials. [PhD Thesis]. Wuhan: Wuhan University of Technology).
    [22] 李跃龙, 黎建明, 苏小平, 杨海, 那木吉拉图, 李楠, 杨鹏, 李金权. 2007. 红外窗口和整流罩材料研究现状与发展趋势. 人工晶体学报, 36: 877

    (Li Y L, Li J M, Su X P.2007. Research Trends and Current Status in Infrared Window and Dome Materials. Journal of Synthetic Crystals,36: 877).
    [23] 刘国仟. 2009. ZrB(_2)-SiC基超高温陶瓷材料热冲击失效行为的研究. [博士论文]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学

    (Liu G Q.2009. Thermal shock failure of ZrB2-SiC based ultra high temperature cereamic. [PhD Thesis]. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology).
    [24] 刘磊, 桂业伟, 耿湘人, 唐伟, 王安龄. 2013. 高超声速飞行器热气弹静态问题研究. 空气动力学学报, 31: 559-563

    (Liu L, Gui Y W, Geng X R, Wang A L.2013. Study on static aero-thermo-elasticity for hypersonic vehicle. Acta Aerodynamica Sinica,31: 559-563).
    [25] 陆炳哲. 1990. 军用红外热象仪观察窗口综述. 红外技术, 12: 1-6

    (Lu B Z.1990. Military infrared thermal imager observation window overview. infrared technology,12: 1-6).
    [26] 陆志良. 2009. 空气动力学. 北京: 北京航空航天大学出版社

    (Lu Z L.2009. Aerodynamics. Beijing: Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Press).
    [27] 马二瑞. 2013. 光学窗口气动加热与结构耦合分析. [博士论文]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学

    (Ma E R.2013. Aerodynamic thermal-structure coupling analysis of optical window. [PhD Thesis]. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology).
    [28] 聂涛, 刘伟强. 2012. 高超声速飞行器前缘流固耦合计算方法研究. 物理学报, 61: 184401

    (Nie T, Liu W Q.2012. Study of coupled fluid and solid for a hypersonic lending edge. Acta Physica Sinica,61: 184401).
    [29] 潘沙. 2010. 高超声速气动热数值模拟方法及大规模并行计算研究. [博士论文]. 长沙: 国防科学技术大学

    (Pan S.2010. Hypersonic aerothermal numerical simulation method and massive parallel computation research. [PhD Thesis]. Changsha: National University of Defense Technology).
    [30] 彭方, 张庆礼, 杨华军, 王小飞, 王迪, 孙敦陆, 殷绍唐. 2012. c向提拉法生长的四英寸蓝宝石单晶缺陷研究. 人工晶体学报, 41: 143-147

    (Peng F, Zhang Q L, Yang H J, Wang X F, Wang D, Sun D L, Yin S T.2012. Study on the defect of 4 inches sapphire single crystal grown on c-axis direction by Czochralski method. Journal of Synthetic Crystals,41: 143-147).
    [31] 任青梅, 杨志斌, 成竹, 蒋军亮. 2007. 气动加热/热响应耦合分析与试验研究. 结构强度研究, 3: 20-32

    (Ren Q M, Yang Z B, Cheng Z, Jiang J L.2012. Numerical simulation and experimental study of coupled aeroheating and structural thermal response. Spacecraft Environment Engineering,~3: 20-32).
    [32] 戎宜生, 刘伟强. 2010. 再入飞行器鼻锥逆向喷流对流场及气动热的影响. 航空学报, 31: 1552-1557

    (Rong Y S, Liu W Q.2010. Influence of opposing jet on flow field and aerodynamic heating at nose of a reentry vehicle. ACTA Aeronautica et Astronautica sinica,31: 1552-1557).
    [33] 史梦然, 曹雪峰, 赵建忠. 2011. 热处理对红外窗口镀层金属的影响. 激光与红外, 41: 657-659

    (Shi M R, Cao X F, Zhao J Z.2011. Influence of heat treatment on the metal films of the infrared window. Laser & Infrared,41: 657-659).
    [34] 唐达培, 高庆, 李映辉. 2008. 金刚石厚膜热残余应力三维模拟及失效分析. 激光与红外, 38: 81-83

    (Tang D P, Gao Q, Li Y H.2008. 3-D simulation of thermal residual stresses and failure analysis of thick diamond films. Laser & Infrared,38: 81-83).
    [35] 唐志共, 许晓斌, 杨彦广, 李绪国, 戴金雯, 吕治国, 贺伟. 2015. 高超声速风洞气动力试验技术进展. 航空学报, 36: 86-97

    (Tang Z G, Xu X B, Yang Y G, Li X G, Dai J W, Lv Z G, He W.2015. Research Progress on Hypersonic Wind Tunnel Aerodynamic Testing Techniques. Acta Aeronautica et Astronautica Sinica,~36: 86-97).
    [36] 王超. 2009. ZrB2-SiC基超高温陶瓷复合材料失效机制的表征与评价. [博士论文]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学

    (Wang C.2009. Characterization and evaluation of failure mechanism of ZrB2-SiC ultra high temperature ceramic composites. [PhD Thesis]. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology).
    [37] 王新北. 2007. 基于傅立叶红外光谱仪的材料光谱发射率测量技术的研究. [博士论文]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学

    (Wang X B.2007. Study on measurement of spectral emissivity of materials based on fourier infrared spectrometer. [PhD Thesis]. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology).
    [38] 王雅雷. 2012. C/C复合材料HfC抗烧蚀涂层的制备、结构及性能研究. [博士论文]. 长沙: 中南大学

    (Wang Y L.2012. Preperation, microstructure and properties of HfC ablation protective coating for C/C composites. [PhD Thesis]. Changsha: Central South University).
    [39] 吴智雄. 2009. 红外窗口用蓝宝石晶体Y2O3/SiO2增透薄膜的设计与制备研究. [博士论文]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学

    (Wu Z X.2009. Investgation on design and preparation of Y2O3/SiO2 antireflective film deposited on sapphire for infrared window application. [PhD Thesis]. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology).
    [40] 夏刚, 刘新建, 程文科, 秦子增. 2003. 钝体高超声速气动加热与结构热传递耦合的数值计算. 国防科技大学学报, 25: 35-39

    (Xia G, Liu X J, Cheng W K, Qin Z Z.2003. Numerical simulation of coupled aeroheating and solid heat penetration for a hypersonic blunt body. Journal of National University of Defense Technology (China), 25:35-39).
    [41] 杨德义, 桂业伟. 1999. 前缘类防热结构的热响应特性计算研究//中国工程热物理学会传热传质学学术会议, 58-63

    (Yang D Y, Gui Y W.1999. Study on thermal response properties of heavy-wall structure with preheater//Chinese Society of Engineering Thermophysics Conference on Heat and Mass Transfer, 58-63).
    [42] 杨鹏, 周国清, 杜彦召, 董恩来, 严守正. 2013. 热交换法生长蓝宝石晶体的研究. 中国科技信息, 19: 45-47

    (Yan P, Zhou G Q, Du Y Z, Dong E L,Yan S Z.2013. Research of sapphire crystals grown by heat-exchange method. China Science and Technology Information,19: 45-47).
    [43] 杨文霞, 蔡超, 丁明跃, 周成平. 2009a. 超音速/高超音速飞行器湍流流场气动光学效应分析. 光电工程, 36: 88-92

    (Yang W X, Cai C, Ding M Y, Zhou C P.2009a. Numerical analysis of aero-optic effects induced by the turbulence flow field surrounding super/hypersonic. Opto-Electronic Engineering,36: 88-92).
    [44] 杨文霞, 蔡超, 丁明跃, 周成平. 2009b. 气动光学效应分析与气动模糊图像复原气动光学效应分析与气动模糊图像复原. 光学学报, 29: 347-352

    (Yang W, Cai C, Ding M, Zhou C.2009b. Characterization of aero-optic effects and restoration of aero-optical degraded images. Acta Optica Sinica,29: 347-352).
    [45] 叶家福, 郭少令. 2000. 用椭球测量物体的辐射发射率. 激光与红外, 30: 370-372

    (Ye J F, Guo S L.2000. The measurement of material radiation emissivity with optical ellipse sphere. Laser & Infrared,30: 370-372).
    [46] 易仕和, 侯中喜, 李立春. 2002. 超声速自由旋涡气动窗口的气动光学特性计算与分析. 实验流体力学, 16: 18-21

    (Yi S H, Hou Z X, Li L C.2002. The analysis of optical performance of supersonic free-vortex adw. Experiments & Measurements in Fluid Mechanics,16: 18-21).
    [47] 余怀之. 2015. 红外光学材料. 北京: 国防工业出版社

    (Yu H Z.2015. Infrared Optics Materials. Beijing: National Defense Industry Press).
    [48] 余奇华. 2006. 三维高超声速绕流流场并行算法研究. [博士论文]. 南京: 南京航空航天大学

    (Yu Q H.2006. Numerical simulation for 3-D hypersonic flows on hybrid meshes and parallization. [PhD Thesis]. Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics).
    [49] 张兵. 2011. 高超声速多场耦合及其GPU计算加速技术研究. [博士论文]. 南京: 南京航空航天大学

    (Zhang B.2011. Studies on hypersonic multi-field coupled computation and its acceleration using GPU. [PhD Thesis]. Nanjing: Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics).
    [50] 张郡. 2007. 气动热环境下平面窗口光传输建模及仿真. [博士论文]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学

    (Zhang J.2007. The optical transmission model building and emulation through plane-window in aero-dynamic thermal environment. [PhD Thesis]. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology).
    [51] 朱杨柱, 易仕和, 陈植, 葛勇, 王小虎, 付佳. 2013. 带喷流超声速光学头罩流场气动光学畸变试验研究. 物理学报, 62: 84209-84219

    (Zhu Y Z, Yi S H, Chen Z, Ge Y, Wang X H, Fu J.2013. Experimental investigation on aero-optical aberration of the supersonic flow passing through an optical dome with gas injection. Acta Phys. Sin,62: 84209-84219).
    [52] Aleksandrova E A, Novikov A V, Utyuzhnikov S V, Fedorov A V.2014. Experimental study of the laminar-turbulent transition on a blunt cone. Journal of Applied Mechanics & Technical Physics, 55: 375-385.
    [53] Anderson J D.2006. Hypersonic and High-Temperature Gas Dynamics, Second Edition. USA: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
    [54] Araiza J J, Cardenas M, Falcony C, Mendezgarcia V H, Lopez M, Contreraspuente G.1998. Structural, optical and electrical characteristics of yttrium oxide films deposited by laser ablation. Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A Vacuum Surfaces & Films, 16: 3305-3310.
    [55] Avc{s}ar L A, Anil S H, Sinan Özhan A E, Ali c{C}olakov{g}lu.2010. Development and verification of high-durability infrared transparent coating for airborne usage//SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 7786.
    [56] Bernt M L, Stover J C.1991. Infrared window damage measured by reflective scatter//San Diego, 91, San Diego, CA, 42-49.
    [57] Bikass S, Andersson B, Pilipenko A, Langtangen H P.2012. Simulation of initial cooling rate effect on the extrudate distortion in the aluminum extrusion process. Applied Thermal Engineering, 40: 326-336.
    [58] Biswas P, Senthil Kumar R, Ramavath P, Mahendar V, Rao G V N, Hareesh U S, Johnson R.2010. Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS ceramics. Journal of Alloys & Compounds, 496: 273-277.
    [59] Blodgett, David W., Michael E. Thomas.2001. Measurement of the temperature-dependent refractive index and relative photoelastic constant of zinc sulfide//Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 224-234.
    [60] Brown J.2002. Turbulence model validation for hypersonic flows//8th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference, 3308.
    [61] Burns S P, Howell J R, Klein D E.1995. Finite element solution for radiative heat transfer with nongray, nonhomogeneous radiative properties//American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, NY (United States).
    [62] Campo L D, Ra'{u}l B P, Luis G, Manuel J T.2010. Combined standard uncertainty in direct emissivity measurements. Journal of Applied Physics, 107: 113510-10-9.
    [63] Chen J K, Tang K L, Chang J T.2009. Effects of zinc oxide on thermal shock behavior of zinc sulfide--silicon dioxide ceramics. Ceramics International, 35: 2999-3004.
    [64] Chen S H, Ma H, Yi X J, Xiong T, Wang H C, Ke C J.2004. Smart VO2 thin film for protection of sensitive infrared detectors from strong laser radiation. Sensors & Actuators A Physical, 115: 28-31.
    [65] Chue R S M, Tsai C Y, Bakos R J, Erdos J I, Rogers R C.2002. NASAs Hypulse Facility at GASL-A Dual Mode, Dual Driver Reflected-Shock/Expansion Tunnel. Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, 198: 29-72.
    [66] Davis R T.1970. Numerical Solution of the Hypersonic Viscous Shock-Layer Equations. Aiaa Journal, 8: 843-851.
    [67] Demina S E, Bystrova E N, Lukanina M A, Mamedov V M, Yuferev V S, Eskov E V, Nikolenko M V, Postolov V S, Kalaev V V.2007. Numerical analysis of sapphire crystal growth by the Kyropoulos technique. Optical Materials, 30: 62-65.
    [68] Evangelou E K, Wiemer C, Fanciulli M, Sethu M, Cranton W.2003. Electrical and structural characteristics of yttrium oxide films deposited by rf-magnetron sputtering on n-Si. Journal of Applied Physics, 94: 318-25.
    [69] Friel I, Sarah L Geoghegan, Daniel J Twitchen, Geoffrey A Scarsbrook.2010. Development of high quality single crystal diamond for novel laser applications//Security+ Defence, 783819-19-8, International Society for Optics and Photonics.
    [70] Frumker E, Offer P.2004. Generic method for aero-optic evaluations. Applied Optics, 43: 3224-3228.
    [71] Frumker E, Offer P.2003. Novel method for aero-optic evaluations//International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology, 618-626.
    [72] Gao Q, Jiang Z F, Yi S H.2014. Modeling the temporal evolution of an aero-optical aberration with the minimum description length principle. Optics Letters, 39: 3126-3129.
    [73] Gromyko Y V, Polivanov P A, Sidorenko A A, Buntin D A, Maslov A A.2013. An experimental study of the natural noise in the Transit-M hypersonic wind tunnel. Thermophysics and Aeromechanics, 20: 481-493.
    [74] Guo L C, Naotake N.2014. Investigation methods for thermal shock crack problems of functionally graded materials--part I: analytical method. Journal of Thermal Stresses, 37: 292-324.
    [75] Hahn Daniel V, Michael E Thomas, David W Blodgett, Simon G Kaplan.2003. Characterization and modeling of the infrared properties of diamond and SiC//Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 148-158.
    [76] Han C J, Ma Y J, Pei C H.2013. Preparation and characterization of silica composite xerogels with broadband absorption in mid- and far-infrared windows. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 369: 5-10.
    [77] Hannemann K, Walter H Beck.2002. Aerothermodynamics research in the DLR high enthalpy shock tunnel HEG//Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, 198: 205-238.
    [78] Harris D C.1998. Durable 3--5 (muup )m transmitting infrared window materials. Infrared Physics & Technology, 39: 185-201.
    [79] Harris D C.1999. Overview of progress in strengthening sapphire at elevated temperature//Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2-11.
    [80] Harris D C.2007. Development of hot-pressed and chemical-vapor-deposited zinc sulfide and zinc selenide in the United States for optical windows//Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 54502.
    [81] Harris D C.2009. Evolution of the sapphire industry: Rubicon technology and gavish//Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 7302: 730202-02-12.
    [82] Hatch S E.1962. Emittance measurements on infrared windows exhibiting wavelength dependent diffuse transmittance. Applied Optics, 1: 595-601.
    [83] He B, Huang B, Xiao Y, Lian Y Y, Liu X, Tang J.2016. Preparation and thermal shock characterization of yttrium doped tungsten-potassium alloy. Journal of Alloys & Compounds, 686: 298-305.
    [84] Hingst U, Stefan K.2001. IR window design for hypersonic missile seekers: thermal shock and cooling systems//Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 662-672.
    [85] Hobbs Douglas S.2009. Study of the environmental and optical durability of AR microstructures in sapphire, ALON, and diamond//Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering.
    [86] Hoffmann K, Michael P, Yildirim S.1994. Aeroheating and skin friction computations for a blunt body at high speeds// 32nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 455.
    [87] Hoffmann K, Mohammads S, Steve C.1991. Difficulties associated with the heat flux computations of high speed flows by the Navier-Stokes equations//29th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 467.
    [88] Holden M, Moselle J, Sweet S, Martin S, Holden M, Moselle J, Sweet S, Martin S.1992. A database of aerothermal measurements in hypersonic flow for CFD validation//Space Plane and Hypersonic Systems and Technology Conference, 4597.
    [89] Holden M, Moselle J, Wieting A, Glass C.1988. Studies of aerothermal loads generated in regions of shock/shock interaction in hypersonic flow//26th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 477.
    [90] Holden M, Shirley S, Joseph K, Gregory S.1998. A review of the aerothermal characteristics of laminar, transitional, and turbulent shock/shock interaction regions in hypersonic flows//36th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 899.
    [91] Holden M S, Parker R A.2002. LENS hypervelocity tunnels and application to vehicle testing at duplicated flight conditions. Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, 198: 73-110.
    [92] Jin X X, Zhang X H, Han J C, Hu P, He R J.2013. Thermal shock behavior of porous ZrB2--SiC ceramics. Materials Science & Engineering A, 588: 175-180.
    [93] Joseph S.2007. High durability antireflection coatings for silicon and multispectral ZnS//Proceeding of SPIE, 65450T-50T-10.
    [94] Kaneko Y, Shimizu Y, Ishii J.2004. Numerical estimation of effective emissivities of low-temperature blackbody cavities with apertures//Sice 2004 Conference, 1764-1767.
    [95] Kav{s}iarov'{a} M, Peter T, Peter B, J'{a}n D, Pavol v{S}ajgal'{i}k.2014. Thermal shock resistance of Si3N4 and Si3N4--SiC ceramics with rare-earth oxide sintering additives. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 34: 3301-3308.
    [96] Kelso J.1993. Boresight error slope predictions versus flight test results in a hypersonic flow field//AIAA and SDIO, 2nd Annual Interceptor Technology Conference.
    [97] Khattak Chandra P, Frederick S.2001. Growth of the worlds largest sapphire crystals. Journal of Crystal Growth, 225: 572-579.
    [98] Kih-Ber S R, Bgt B, Geratetechnik G.1998. Coupled aerokinetic heating of missile structures at high velocities//RTO Meeting Proceedings 5, AVT Symposium on Missile Aerodynamics, No. 38.
    [99] Kim B N, Hiraga K, Morita K, Yoshida H, Miyazaki T, Kagawa Y.2009. Microstructure and optical properties of transparent alumina. Acta Materialia, ~57, 1319-1326.
    [100] Klein C A.1993. Infrared missile domes: heat flux and thermal shock//Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 150-169.
    [101] Klein C A.2002. Diamond windows and domes: flexural strength and thermal shock. Diamond & Related Materials, 11: 218-227.
    [102] Klein C A.2011. Flexural strength of infrared-transmitting window materials: bimodal Weibull statistical analysis. Optical Engineering, 50: 023402-02-10.
    [103] Klein C A, Richard P Miller, Richard L Gentilman.2002. Characteristic strength and Weibull modulus of selected infrared-transmitting materials. Optical Engineering, 41: 3151-3160.
    [104] Klocek P, Tom A McKenna, John M Trombetta.1994. Thermo-optic, thermo-mechanical, and electromagnetic effects in IR windows and domes, and the rationale for GaAs, GaP, and diamond//SPIEs 1994 International Symposium on Optics, Imaging, and Instrumentation, 70-90.
    [105] Klocek P, Peter T.2000. Infrared transmissive protective window. US,~US6160661 A.
    [106] Kokini K, Jeffery D, Sudarshan R, Brad B.2002. Thermal shock of functionally graded thermal barrier coatings with similar thermal resistance. Surface & Coatings Technology, 154: 223-231.
    [107] Kumar S, Juhi K, Samar M, Anil K, Jain R K, Rohini Devi G.2013. Fabrication and ablation testing of 4D C/C composite at 10~MW/m 2 heat flux under a plasma arc heater. Materials Science & Engineering A, 566: 102-111.
    [108] Kurlov V N, Epelbaum B M.1998. EFG growth of sapphire tubes upto 85 mm in diameter. Journal of Crystal Growth, 187: 107-110.
    [109] LaBelle H E.1971. Growth of controlled profile crystals from the melt: Part II-Edge-defined, film-fed growth (EFG). Materials Research Bulletin, 6: 581-589.
    [110] Landwehr S E, Gregory E H, William G F, Inna G T, Hsin W.2009. Thermal properties and thermal shock resistance of liquid phase sintered ZrC–Mo cermets. Materials Chemistry & Physics, 115: 690-695.
    [111] Lapygin V I, Ershov I V, Semenov S S, Ruzavin E I.2002. The U-12 large shock tube. Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, 198: 111-134.
    [112] Jian L, Yu Z N, Li Y Q, Zhang D P, Liao X Y, Xue W.2010. Optical and electrical properties of Y2O3 thin films prepared by ion beam assisted deposition. Applied Surface Science, 256: 5832-5836.
    [113] Levine S R, Elizabeth J O, Michael C H, James D K, Mrityunjay S, Jonathan A S.2002. Evaluation of ultra-high temperature ceramics foraeropropulsion use. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 22: 2757-2767.
    [114] Li C C, Yi C L, Ming C H.2011. 3-D Simulation of external cooling of aero-optical side window//IEEE International Conference on Communication Software and Networks, 214-218.
    [115] Li G D, Xiong X, Huang B Y, Huang K L.2008. Structural characteristics and formation mechanisms of crack-free multilayer TaC/SiC coatings on carbon-carbon composites. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 18: 255-261.
    [116] Liepmann H W.1952. Deflection and diffusion of a light ray passing through a boundary layer. Report SM-14397, Douglas Aircraft Company, Santa Monica Division, Santa Monica, California.
    [117] Lindermeir E, Volker T, Peter H.1992. Contactless measurement of the spectral emissivity and temperature of surfaces with a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer//Proceeding of SPIE: Aerospace Sensing, 354-364.
    [118] Liu L, Gui Y W, Du Y X, Geng X R, Wang L.2012. Study on the similarity criteria of aircraft structure temperature/stress/dynamic response. Journal of Thermal Science & Technology, 7: 262-271.
    [119] Liu Y C, He Y R, Zhu J Q, Han J C, Dong L Q.2014. Numerical simulation of aerodynamic heating and stresses of chemical vapor deposition ZnS for hypersonic vehicles. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A, 15: 185-196.
    [120] Locher J W, Herb E B, Christopher D J.2005. Producing large EFG sapphire sheet for VIS-IR (500-5000 nm) window applications//Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 147-153.
    [121] Logofatu C, Brandusa I, Ionut E, Cristiana E A G, Stefan A M.1998. Al2O3 single-crystalline substrates for optoelectronic applications//Romopto 97: Fifth Conference on Optics, 897-901.
    [122] Lu F K.2002. Advanced hypersonic test facilities. AIAA Paper 198.
    [123] Lu H B, Lian J Y, Xin Y C.2014. Flow characteristics of hypersonic inlets with different cowl-lip blunting methods. Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy, 57: 741-752.
    [124] Ma H Q, Gao H, Bi Z X.2011. Direct measurement of skin friction for hypersonic flight vehicle. J Exp Fluid Mech, 25: 83-88.
    [125] Manara J, Arduini-Schuster M, Rätzer-Scheibe H J, Schulz U.2009. Infrared-optical properties and heat transfer coefficients of semitransparent thermal barrier coatings. Surface & Coatings Technology, 203: 1059-1068.
    [126] Markham J R, Solomon P R, Best P E.1990. An FT-IR based instrument for measuring spectral emittance of material at high temperature. Review of Scientific Instruments, 61: 3700-3708.
    [127] Martinovic S, Dojcinovic M, Dimitrijevic M, Devecerski A, Matovic B, Volkov Husovic T.2010. Implementation of image analysis on thermal shock and cavitation resistance testing of refractory concrete. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 30: 3303-3309.
    [128] Melookaran R, Melaibari A, Deng C, Molian P.2012. Laser shock processing on microstructure and hardness of polycrystalline cubic boron nitride tools with and without nanodiamond powders. Materials & Design, 35: 235-242.
    [129] Meng S H, Qi F, Chen H Z, Wang Z, Bai G H.2011. The repeated thermal shock behaviors of a ZrB2-SiC composite heated by electric resistance method. International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials, 29: 44-48.
    [130] Miles P.1985. High transparency infrared materials: A technology update//Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 513: 363.
    [131] Tang M H, Zhou Y C, Zheng X J, Yan Z, Cheng C P, Ye Z, Hu Z S.2006. Characterization of ultra-thin Y2O3 films as insulator of MFISFET structure. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 16: 63-66.
    [132] Muylaert J, Walpot L, Haeuser J, Sagnier P H, Devezeaux D, Papirnyk O, Lourme D.1992. Standard model testing in the European high enthalpy facility F4 and extrapolation to flight//28th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 3905.
    [133] Na X U, Chen L, Hu X Q, Lu F.2013. Nonlinearity of FY-2D infrared detector in thermal window channels and its correction method. Journal of Infrared & Millimeter Waves, 32: 337-343.
    [134] Natali M, Marco M, Jos'{e} M K, Luigi T.2011. A nanostructured ablative bulk molding compound: Development and characterization. Composites Part A Applied Science & Manufacturing, 42: 1197-1204.
    [135] Neuer G, Jaroma-Weiland G.1998. Spectral and total emissivity of high-temperature materials. International Journal of Thermophysics, 19: 917-729.
    [136] Nichols R H, Nelson C C.2004. Wall function boundary conditions including heat transfer and compressibility. AIAA Journal, 42: 1107-1114.
    [137] Osborne N R, George A G, Kristen A, Deborah A S, Raymond H.1994. LANTIRN infrared window failure analysis//(S)PIEs 1994 International Symposium on Optics, Imaging, and Instrumentation, 444-455.
    [138] Parsons W F.1972. Optical materials research. Applied Optics, 11: 43-49.
    [139] Peigin S V, Postnikov V G.1987. Aerodynamic and thermal characteristics of a body of complex shape around which a hypersonic air stream flows. Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics, 52: 391-395.
    [140] Pond J E, Charles T W, George W S.1999. Side-mounted IR window aero-optic and aerothermal analysis// AeroSense99-International Society for Optics and Photonics, 266-275.
    [141] Qiang X F, Li H J, Zhang Y L, Yao D J, Guo L J, Wei J F.2012. Fabrication and thermal shock resistance of in situ SiC nanowire-SiC/SiC coating for carbon/carbon composites. Corrosion Science, 59: 343-347.
    [142] Ravindra N M, Abedrabbo S, Gokce O H, Tong F, Patel A, Velagapudi R, Williamson G D, Maszara W P.1998. Radiative properties of SIMOX. IEEE Transactions on Components Packaging & Manufacturing Technology Part A, 21: 441-449.
    [143] Ravindra N M, Abedrabbo S, Chen W, Tong F M, Nanda A K, Speranza A C.1998. Temperature-dependent emissivity of silicon-related materials and structures. IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing, 11: 30-39.
    [144] Ravindra N M, Sopori B, Gokce O H, Cheng S X, Shenoy A, Jin L, Abedrabbo S, Chen W, Zhang Y.2001. Emissivity measurements and modeling of silicon-related materials: An overview. International Journal of Thermophysics, 22: 1593-1611.
    [145] Renz G, Willy B.2007. A 2 (muup )m-pump laser-based DIRCM system and aero-optics in the mid-IR//Proceeding of SPIE: Optics/Photonics in Security & Defence, 67380B-80B-12.
    [146] Rousseau B, Brun J F, MenesesD D S, Echegut P.2005. Temperature measurement: christiansen wavelength and blackbody reference. International Journal of Thermophysics, 26: 1277-1286.
    [147] Russell G W, Stephen C C, Michael M J, Wendy C, Robert R M, Forrest A S, Michael R, David A G.2003. Army hypersonic compact kinetic-energy missile laser window design//AeroSense 2003-International Society for Optics and Photonics, 28-39.
    [148] Schmid F, Viechnicki D.1970. Growth of sapphire disks from the melt by a gradient furnace technique. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 53: 528-29.
    [149] Schmid F, Viechnicki D J.1973. New approach to high temperature crystal growth from the melt. Solid State Technology, 16: 45-48.
    [150] Sepulveda J L, Sekyung C.2011. High-performance spinel ceramics for IR windows and domes//Proceedings of SPIE, 1779-1781.
    [151] Shang J S.1974. Computation of hypersonic turbulent boundary layers with heat transfer. AIAA Journal, 12: 883-884.
    [152] She J H, Tatsuki O, Deng Z Y.2010. Thermal shock behavior of porous silicon carbide ceramics. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 85: 2125-2127.
    [153] Shinn J, Moss J, Simmonds A.1982. Viscous-shock-layer heating analysis for the shuttle windward-symmetry plane with surface finite catalytic recombination rates//3rd Joint Thermophysics, Fluids, Plasma and Heat Transfer Conference, 842.
    [154] Sonawane H R, Shripad P M.2011. Tactical air warfare: Generic model for aircraft susceptibility to infrared guided missiles. Aerospace Science & Technology, 15: 249-260.
    [155] Song H W, Li S X, Zhang L, Yu G, Zhou L, Tan J S.2010. Numerical simulation of thermal loading produced by shaped high power laser onto engine parts. Applied Thermal Engineering, 30: 553-560.
    [156] Song Z G, Li F M.2014. Aerothermoelastic analysis of nonlinear composite laminated panel with aerodynamic heating in hypersonic flow. Composites Part B Engineering, 56: 830-839.
    [157] Sova R M, Milton J L, Michael E T, Frank F M.1998. High-temperature infrared properties of sapphire, AlON, fused silica, yttria, spinel. Infrared Physics & Technology, 39: 251-261.
    [158] Springer R M, Michael E T, Daniel V H.2009. Optical properties of polycrystalline Nd:YAG for different levels of Nd doping. Proc Spie, 7302.
    [159] Sutton G W, Pond J E, Snow R, Hwang Y.1994. Hypersonic interceptor aero-optics performance predictions. Journal of Spacecraft & Rockets, 31: 592-599.
    [160] Sutton G, Pond J, Snow R, Hwang Y.1993. Hypersonic interceptor performance evaluation center aero-optics performance predictions//Annual Interceptor Technology Conference, 2675.
    [161] Sutton G W.1985. Aero-optical foundations and applications. AIAA Journal, 23: 1525-1537.
    [162] Teodorescu G, Peter D J, Ruel A O, Guo B J.2008. Normal emissivity of high-purity nickel at temperatures between 1440 and 1605K. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 69: 133-138.
    [163] Thomas M E.2011. Multiphonon difference band absorption in diamond//Proceedings of SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 1779-1781.
    [164] Trolier J, Hudson D, Carlson D, Krawczyk W.1992. Shock layer radiance effects on endoatmospheric interceptor seeker performance//AIAA and SDIO, Annual Interceptor Technology Conference, Huntsville, AL, May 19-21.
    [165] Trolinger J, William R.2004. Technique for simulating and evaluating aero-optical effects in optical systems//42nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 471.
    [166] Tromeur E, Garnier E, Sagaut P, Basdevant C.2003. Large eddy simulations of aero-optical effects in a turbulent boundary layer. Journal of Turbulence, 4: 1-22.
    [167] Tropf W J, Michael E T, Frazer R K.2003. Windows and domes: past, present, future//AeroSense 2003-International Society for Optics and Photonics, 80-89.
    [168] Turley W D, Holtkamp D B, Veeser L R, Stevens G D, Marshall B R, Seifter A, Corrow R B, Stone J B, Young J A, Grover M.2011. Infrared emissivity of tin upon release of a 25 GPa shock into a lithium fluoride window. Journal of Applied Physics, 110: 146-196.
    [169] Volkov K N, EmelYanov V N.2006. Aero-optic effects in turbulent flows. Technical Physics Letters, 32: 95-97.
    [170] Votta R, Antonio S, Aldo B.2013. Hypersonic high altitude aerothermodynamics of a space re-entry vehicle. Aerospace Science & Technology, 25: 253-265.
    [171] Wan Z M.1998. Calculating models of cooling IR window and window background radiation//Aerospace/Defense Sensing and Controls-International Society for Optics and Photonics, 195-202.
    [172] Wang C M, Hideyuki E, Mamoru M.1998. Nucleation and growth of silicon oxynitride grains in a fine-grained silicon nitride matrix. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 81: 1125-1132.
    [173] Wang W L, Bi J Q, Sun K N, Du M, Long N N, Bai Y J.2011. Thermal Shock Resistance Behavior of Alumina Ceramics Incorporated with Boron Nitride Nanotubes. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 94: 2304-2307.
    [174] Wang Z W, Dai J M, He X W, Yang C L, Cui X F.2010. Measurement system for FT-IR infrared spectral emissivity of solid surface at ultra-high temperature//International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies, 76563Q-63Q-5.
    [175] Wei H E, Tong Z R, Li H B.2010. Investigation of thrust balance for the single module scramjet. Journal of Aerospace Power, 25: 2285-2289.
    [176] Wu Z Q, Cheng H, Zhang W, Li H B, Kong F J.2013. Effects of thermal environment on dynamic properties of aerospace vehicle panel structures. Acta Aeronautica Et Astronautica Sinica, 34: 334-342.
    [177] Xu J W, Zhou Y Z, Zhou G Q, Xu K, Deng P Z, Xu J.1998. Growth of large-sized sapphire boules by temperature gradient technique (TGT). Journal of Crystal Growth, 193: 123-126.
    [178] Xuan Z F, Goo N S.2012. Analysis of a gas cooling system for an infrared sensor window//2012 13th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm), IEEE, 1420-1424.
    [179] Yan Z Q, Chen F, Xiong X, Xiao P, Huang B Y.2010. Thermal shock resistance of SiC/Si-Mo multilayer oxidation protective coating for carbon/carbon silicon carbide composites. Journal of Composite Materials, 44: 3085-3092.
    [180] Yang D, Michael E T, Simon G K.2001. Measurement of the infrared refractive index of sapphire as a function of temperature. Aerospace/defense Sensing Simulation & Controls, 4375: 53-63.
    [181] Zhang H Y, Jin L, Song B, Han J C, Wang G G, Kuang X P, Sun R.2012. Enhancement in hardness and transmittance of ZnS via SiO2/Y2O3 multilayer. Journal of Alloys & Compounds, 539: 40-43.
    [182] Zhang J Q, Zhang G Y, Fan J S, Yang T.2001. The Experimentation Research of IR Thermograph Measurement Affected by IR Windows Pneumatic Calefaction. Infrared Technology, 23: 32-34.
    [183] Zhang R L, Le J L, Cui J P, Yu F M, Han L H, Wang S, Liu J.2005. Measurement and calculation of vibrational temperature behind strong shock waves//~Jiang Z. (eds) Shock Waves. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
    [184] Zhang Y Y, Guo L C, Naotake N.2014. Investigation methods for thermal shock crack problems of functionally graded materials--Part II: Combined analytical-numerical method. Journal of Thermal Stresses, 37: 325-339.
    [185] Zhang W, Nikolay D, Matthias W, Ossama D, Ralf O, Vesselin M.2013a. Investigation of the Thermal Shock Behavior of Ceramic Using a Combination of Experimental Testing and FE-Simulation Methods. Advanced Engineering Materials, 15: 480-484.
    [186] Zhang Y F, Dai J M, Zhang L.2013b. Spectral emissivity and transmissivity measurement for zinc sulphide infrared window based on integrating-sphere reflectometry. Optical Engineering, 52: 7107.
    [187] Zhao J S, Gu L X, Ma H Z.2013. A rapid approach to convective aeroheating prediction of hypersonic vehicles. Science China Technological Sciences, 56: 2010-2024.
    [188] Zhao Z Y, Qi C, Dai J M.2007. Design of multi-spectrum BRDF measurement system. Chinese Optics Letters, 5: 168-171.
    [189] Zhong X H, Zhao H Y, Zhou X M, Liu C G, Wang L, Fang S, Yang K, Tao S Y, Ding C X.2014. Thermal shock behavior of toughened gadolinium zirconate/YSZ double-ceramic-layered thermal barrier coating. Journal of Alloys & Compounds, 593: 50-55.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1395
  • HTML全文浏览量:  133
  • PDF下载量:  1505
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-12-20
  • 刊出日期:  2018-02-08

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回