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湍流流动中鲨鱼皮表面流体减阻研究进展

Brian Dean Bharat Bhushan

Brian Dean, Bharat Bhushan. 湍流流动中鲨鱼皮表面流体减阻研究进展[J]. 力学进展, 2012, 42(6): 821-836. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-12-065
引用本文: Brian Dean, Bharat Bhushan. 湍流流动中鲨鱼皮表面流体减阻研究进展[J]. 力学进展, 2012, 42(6): 821-836. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-12-065
Brian Dean, Bharat Bhushan. SHARK-SKIN SURFACES FOR FLUID-DRAG REDUCTION IN TURBULENT FLOW: A REVIEW[J]. Advances in Mechanics, 2012, 42(6): 821-836. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-12-065
Citation: Brian Dean, Bharat Bhushan. SHARK-SKIN SURFACES FOR FLUID-DRAG REDUCTION IN TURBULENT FLOW: A REVIEW[J]. Advances in Mechanics, 2012, 42(6): 821-836. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-12-065

湍流流动中鲨鱼皮表面流体减阻研究进展

doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-12-065

SHARK-SKIN SURFACES FOR FLUID-DRAG REDUCTION IN TURBULENT FLOW: A REVIEW

  • 摘要: 快速游动的鲨鱼, 其皮肤表面沿流动方向有序地排列着沟槽状结构, 人们认为这种结构能在湍流流动 中减小表面摩擦阻力. 人们仿真这种生物结构来进行实验研究和应用, 通过复制和改善鲨鱼皮肤表面沟槽状 结构, 使得摩擦阻力最大减小了近10%. 在实验和模拟仿真中, 人们不断讨论和研究湍流流动阻力的形成机制 和沟槽减阻的理论特性. 本文综述了沟槽减阻理论特性的一些研究方法, 并且归纳定义了沟槽减阻最优几何 形状及其尺寸; 详细考虑流体流动的特点, 给出了一种用来选择最优沟槽形状及其尺寸的方法; 综述了目前的 沟槽加工制造技术. 由于鲨鱼皮肤表面存在少量黏液, 从仿生学的角度, 文章最后综述并展望了通过局部应用 疏水性材料来改变沟槽附近流场属性, 从而达到更大程度上减小阻力的目标.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-05-07
  • 修回日期:  2012-06-15
  • 刊出日期:  2012-11-25

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