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高速飞行器减阻降热研究进展

潘利生 郝亨隆 姚子康 郭媛 慕浩凡 李敏 魏小林

潘利生, 郝亨隆, 姚子康, 郭媛, 慕浩凡, 李敏, 魏小林. 高速飞行器减阻降热研究进展. 力学进展, 2023, 53(4): 793-818 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-23-021
引用本文: 潘利生, 郝亨隆, 姚子康, 郭媛, 慕浩凡, 李敏, 魏小林. 高速飞行器减阻降热研究进展. 力学进展, 2023, 53(4): 793-818 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-23-021
Pan L S, Hao H L, Yao Z K, Guo Y, Mu H F, Li M, Wei X L. Current status of research on reducing drag and cooling of high-speed aircraft. Advances in Mechanics, 2023, 53(4): 793-818 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-23-021
Citation: Pan L S, Hao H L, Yao Z K, Guo Y, Mu H F, Li M, Wei X L. Current status of research on reducing drag and cooling of high-speed aircraft. Advances in Mechanics, 2023, 53(4): 793-818 doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-23-021

高速飞行器减阻降热研究进展

doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-23-021
详细信息
    作者简介:

    潘利生, 中国科学院力学研究所副研究员, 长期从事热能的高效传递、转化与利用研究. 聚焦CO2热力循环体系, 提出了自冷凝CO2跨临界动力循环、CO2跨临界热力循环综合储能系统和飞行器CO2综合热管理系统. 先后主持国家自然科学基金项目3项、北京市自然科学基金项目1项, 获得授权发明专利20余项, 发表学术论文70余篇

    通讯作者:

    panlisheng@imech.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: V37

Current status of research on reducing drag and cooling of high-speed aircraft

More Information
  • 摘要: 降低飞行阻力、探索更高效的热防护系统是研发高速飞行器过程中至关重要的课题. 目前, 国内外学者在飞行器减阻降热的机理及应用技术方面进行了大量研究, 取得了丰富的成果. 本文系统地梳理了在高速飞行器减阻降热领域的研究进展, 阐述了主动热防护机理的研究结果, 介绍了应用于高速飞行器的前沿减阻降热技术, 并简述了基于余热利用的整体热防护系统的发展情况. 基于对研究现状的分析, 归纳总结了高速飞行器减阻降热技术的发展趋势与实际研究需求; 最后针对这些实际研究需求, 提出了一些研究思路上的建议.

     

  • 图  1  飞行器气动热(Glass 2008). (a) 前缘热流随飞行速度变化, (b) 马赫数7.8时飞行器各部位温度 (℃)

    图  2  二维切向气膜物理模型(Stollery 1965)

    图  3  结合可压缩混合层与湍流边界层区物理模型(Kanda et al. 1994)

    图  4  主动减阻降热方法(卓长飞 等 2014)

    图  5  减阻杆头部横向射流纹影图( Jiang et al. 2009)

    图  6  逆向射流实验模型(Shang et al. 2001)

    图  7  Hyper-X前体吹气模型( Berry et al. 2008)

    图  8  不同逆向射流总压比时流场纹影(Sriram & Jagadeesh 2009)

    图  9  等离子体逆向喷流实验中球头受控流场演化(马正雪 等 2022)

    图  10  MHD原理示意图(梁伟 等 2021)

    图  11  典型主动热防护法示意图

    图  12  超燃冲压发动机再生冷却示意图(袁鑫 等2017)

    图  13  射流预冷工作原理图(陆禹铭 2022)

    图  14  前缘发汗冷却结构与液态水发汗冷却实验过程(Wang et al. 2014, Shen et al. 2016)

    图  15  综合热管理系统(唐玫 等 2022)

    图  16  Qin等建立的热能利用系统(Qin et al. 2010)

    图  17  带回热的超临界布雷顿循环一体化系统(姜培学 等 2021)

    图  18  热电发电机制(Cheng et al. 2018)

    图  19  新型热管理系统(Guo et al. 2023)

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-06-20
  • 录用日期:  2023-12-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-12-22
  • 刊出日期:  2023-12-30

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