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空化水动力学非定常特性研究进展及展望

季斌 程怀玉 黄彪 罗先武 彭晓星 龙新平

季斌, 程怀玉, 黄彪, 罗先武, 彭晓星, 龙新平. 空化水动力学非定常特性研究进展及展望[J]. 力学进展, 2019, 49(1): 201906. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-17-012
引用本文: 季斌, 程怀玉, 黄彪, 罗先武, 彭晓星, 龙新平. 空化水动力学非定常特性研究进展及展望[J]. 力学进展, 2019, 49(1): 201906. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-17-012
JI Bin, CHENG Huaiyu, HUANG Biao, LUO Xianwu, PENG Xiaoxing, LONG Xinping. Research progresses and prospects of unsteady hydrodynamics characteristics for cavitation[J]. Advances in Mechanics, 2019, 49(1): 201906. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-17-012
Citation: JI Bin, CHENG Huaiyu, HUANG Biao, LUO Xianwu, PENG Xiaoxing, LONG Xinping. Research progresses and prospects of unsteady hydrodynamics characteristics for cavitation[J]. Advances in Mechanics, 2019, 49(1): 201906. doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-17-012

空化水动力学非定常特性研究进展及展望——

doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-17-012
基金项目: 感谢国家自然科学基金重点项目(11332009,51239005)、重大研究计划(91752105)、优秀青年基金(51822903),面上项目(11772239, 11772305, 51679005, 51576143, 11472197,51376100)、青年基金项目(51206087)和北京市自然科学基金面上项目(3172029)的资助.
详细信息
    作者简介:

    null

    作者简介:季斌, 1982年生, 武汉大学水利水电学院副教授.主要从事空化水动力学应用基础研究. 主持国家自然科学基金项目3项,发表SCI论文49篇(第一作者或通讯作者29篇), 6篇论文入选ESI高被引论文,1篇论文被评为``2015年中国百篇最具影响国际学术论文'',1篇论文获 J. Hydrodyn.2014年高被引论文奖,1篇论文被列为 Int. J. Multiphase Flow期刊主页统计近5年被引用次数最多的论文, 获省部级科技奖励3项,2015年入选湖北省``楚天学者计划'', 2017年获湖北省杰出青年基金,2018年获国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金.

  • 中图分类号: O352;

Research progresses and prospects of unsteady hydrodynamics characteristics for cavitation

  • 摘要: 空化作为一种重要的复杂水动力学现象,具有明显的三维流动特征与剧烈的非定常特性,在水力机械、船舶推进器、水利工程中广泛存在,且通常会带来不利的影响,长期以来一直是水动力学领域研究的重点与难点课题之一.本文首先从实验测量和数值模拟两个角度,综述了空化水动力学非定常特性研究的发展概况, 分析了当前存在的问题.在空化实验研究中,主要介绍了空化水洞、空化流场测量以及多物理场同步测量等方面所取得的进展.在数值模拟方法中, 对目前的空化模型和湍流模型进行了分类介绍,并重点讨论了大涡模拟、验证和确认等在空化流模拟中的应用.之后以附着型空化为主, 同时兼顾云状空泡、空蚀、涡空化等,梳理了其研究中存在的几个关键科学问题,包括空化演变、空化流动的三维结构、失稳机制、空化不稳定性及其与低频压力脉动的联系、空化与旋涡的相互作用、空化与弹性水翼的流固耦合、空化对尾流场影响等.最后展望了空化水动力学的研究方向和未来发展趋势.

     

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