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力学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (1): 201713-201713.doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-16-036

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磁流体动力学在航空工程中的应用与展望

李益文1,2, 张百灵1, 李应红1, 肖良华1, 王宇天1, 何国强2   

  1. 1 空军工程大学等离子体动力学重点实验室, 西安 710038;
    2 西北工业大学燃烧热结构与内流场重点实验室, 西安 710072
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-02 出版日期:2017-01-01 发布日期:2017-01-23
  • 通讯作者: 李应红(1963-),男,重庆奉节人.E-mail:yinghong_li@126.com;李益文(1983-),男,湖南新化人,博士,硕士研究生导师,空军工程大学航空等离子体动力学国家级重点实验室讲师、西北工业大学博士后,主要研究方向:高超声速磁流技术,主持国家自然科学基金、中国博士后科学基金、陕西省自然科学基础研究计划等基金项目5项,发表论文40余篇,被SCI/EI检索30余篇,获授权发明专利6项.E-mail:lee_yiwen@163.com E-mail:lee_yiwen@163.com;

Review on the application and prospect of magnetohydrodynamics in aeronautical engineering

LI Yiwen1,2, ZHANG Bailing1, LI Yinghong1, XIAO Lianghua1, WANG Yutian1, HE Guoqiang2   

  1. 1 Science and Technology on Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an 710038, China;
    2 Science and Technology on Combustion, Thermal-Structure and Internal Flow Laboratory, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
  • Received:2016-11-02 Online:2017-01-01 Published:2017-01-23

摘要:

介绍了磁流体动力学在航空工程中的主要应用方式,主要包括:磁流体冲压组合发动机、磁流体涡轮组合发动机、燃烧室后磁流体发电、表面磁流体发电、磁流体加速风洞、磁流体推力矢量、进气道大尺寸磁流体流动控制、边界层分离流动控制、边界层转捩控制、飞行器头部热流控制等;探讨了磁流体技术在应用中存在的关键科学与技术问题,对导电流体的产生、磁流体实验设备与实验技术、多场耦合机理及数值模拟方法等进行了分析;最后对磁流体技术在航空工程上的应用与发展进行了总结与展望.

关键词: 磁流体, 磁流体发电, 磁流体加速, 磁流体流动控制, 等离子体

Abstract:

The applications of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) in aeronautical engineering were reviewed, which include MHD combination with scramjet. MHD combination with turbojet engine, MHD power generation after combustion chamber, surface MHD power generation, MHD acceleration tunnel, MHD thrust vector, large size inlet MHD flow control, boundary layer separation flow control, boundary layer transition control and flight vehicle heat flow control, etc. The key scientiflc and technical problems of MHD applications were discussed, the generation of conductive fluid, experimental equipment and experimental techniques of MHD, several coupling mechanism and numerical simulation methods were analyzed. Finally, the applications of MHD in aeronautical engineering were summarized and prospected.

Key words: magnetohydrodynamics, MHD power generation, MHD acceleration, MHD flow control, plasma

中图分类号: 

  • V19