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力学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (5): 526-539.DOI: 10.6052/1000-0992-13-061

• 论文 • 上一篇    

小天体附近轨道动力学与控制研究现状与展望

崔平远, 乔栋   

  1. 北京理工大学宇航学院, 北京 100081;飞行器动力学与控制教育部重点实验室, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-02 修回日期:2013-09-19 出版日期:2013-09-25 发布日期:2013-10-29
  • 通讯作者: 乔栋
  • 作者简介:崔平远,博士生导师.1983年毕业于哈尔滨工业大学控制工程系,1990年获哈尔滨工业大学一般力学专业博士学位,1993年任哈尔滨工业大学教授.现任北京理工大学宇航学院教授,深空探测技术研究所所长,小天体探测与防御实验室主任,机械与运载学部副主任委员;兼任863计划主题专家组成员,973计划项目首席科学家.
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2012CB720000);国家自然科学基金(11102020);北京理工大学科技创新团队项目资助.

State-of-the-art and prospects for orbital dynamics and control near small celestial bodies

CUI Pingyuan, QIAO Dong   

  1. School of Aerospace Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;Key Laboratory of Dynamics and Control of Flight Vehicle, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2013-09-02 Revised:2013-09-19 Online:2013-09-25 Published:2013-10-29
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2012CB720000), National Natural Science Foundation of China (11102020) and Beijing Institute of Technology Innovation Team Project.

摘要:

小天体探测是未来深空探测的重点领域之一, 而小天体附近轨道动力学与控制问题是小天体探测任务迫切需要解决的关键问题. 该问题涉及形状不规则小天体附近的动力学环境建模与小天体附近轨道动力学机理. 本文从不规则形状小天体引力场的建模、小天体附近的自然轨道动力学、小天体附近的受控轨道动力学3 个方面综述了小天体附近轨道动力学与控制的研究现状与发展趋势, 并分析了小天体附近轨道动力学所面临的挑战与难题, 最后对我国未来小天体探测任务可能涉及的轨道动力学与控制问题的发展方向进行了展望.

关键词:

小天体探测|动力学与控制|不规则引力场|自然轨道动力学|受控轨道动力学

Abstract:

Small celestial body exploration is one of the key areas of deep space exploration in the future. The orbital dynamics and control problem near small celestial bodies is crucial in such explorations, and urgent to be treated. This problem involves the modeling of dynamics environment around an irregularshaped small celestial body, and the orbital dynamics mechanism near the small celestial body. In this paper, we survey the gravitational field modeling of irregular-shaped small celestial body, natural orbital dynamics and control, and controlled orbital dynamics near small celestial body. We introduce state-ofthe-art and trends for the development of orbital dynamics and control near small celestial bodies. The challenges and difficulties encountered are analyzed. Finally, we discuss the prospects for the development direction and key issues of orbital dynamics and control for Chinese future mission for exploring small celestial bodies.

Key words:

small body exploration|dynamics and control|gravitational field of irregular-shaped body|natural orbital dynamics|controlled orbital dynamics

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