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力学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (5): 472-525.doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-13-063

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

风能工程中流体力学问题的研究现状与进展

黎作武1, 贺德馨2   

  1. 1. 中国空气动力研究与发展中心, 四川 绵阳 621000;
    2. 中国风能协会, 北京 100013
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-03 修回日期:2013-09-15 出版日期:2013-09-25 发布日期:2013-09-29
  • 通讯作者: 黎作武 E-mail:lizuowu84@yeah.net
  • 作者简介:黎作武,1967年出生,1988年毕业于国防科技大学应用力学系,1995年中国空气动力研究与发展中心研究生部博士,现任中国空气动力研究与发展中心计算空气动力研究所研究员,"十二五"科技部863主题项目"先进风力机翼型族设计与应用技术"负责人.主要从事计算流体力学数值方法研究.
  • 基金资助:

    科技部863计划(2012AA051304)项目资助.

Reviews of fluid dynamics researches in wind energy engineering

LI Zuowu1, HE Dexin2   

  1. 1. China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center, Sichuan, Mianyang 621000, China;
    2. Chinese Wind Energy Association (CWEA), Beijing 100013, China
  • Received:2013-09-03 Revised:2013-09-15 Online:2013-09-25 Published:2013-09-29
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the 863 program (2012AA051304).

摘要:

中国风电行业发展十分迅速, 总装机容量和新增装机容量已达到世界第一, 主力机型将从兆瓦级发展到多兆瓦级(> 5 MW), 风资源已从陆地扩展到海上, 这些变化将带来一系列新的问题. 本文将就目前风力发电行业中的流体力学问题进行综述和探讨, 总结其研究现状及取得的进展. 主要包括大气边界层风特性、局部复杂地形影响及微观选址、风力机尾流干扰、风力机专用翼型族、风力机性能计算、气动弹性、海上风力发电的基础及水力作用等问题. 此外, 还针对目前发展迅速的计算流体力学问题进行了讨论. 最后指出中国风电技术的不足及措施.

关键词:

大气边界层|微观选址|尾流干扰|风力机翼型族|气动弹性|海上风电|计算流体力学

Abstract:

Great progress has been achieved in the Chinese wind energy industry. By the end of 2012, according to statistics of CWEA, 75 GW capacity of wind power has been generated in China that pushes the country to the top place in the global wind power market. Nowadays, the technology trend focuses on the offshore wind power and the larger multi-megawatt wind turbine. It brings about several engineering challenges and new scientific problems. In this review, we focus on the advances in fluid dynamics researches related to wind energy engineering, such as the wind properties in atmospheric boundary layer (ABL), micrositing at complex terrain, wake flow behind wind turbine, airfoil design for large blade, aerodynamics for wind turbine, aero-elastic interaction, and offshore wind power technology. We also discuss the limitations of the widely-applicated computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique. Finally, we point out the weakness of Chinese fundamental researches on winder energy engineering, and provide some suggestions.

Key words:

ABL|micrositing|wake interaction|airfoil design|aero-elastic interaction|offshore wind power|CFD

中图分类号: 

  • O355